The Graduate Center’s Center for Latin American, Caribbean and Latino Studies (CLACLS) announced today a new study that shows New York City’s child poverty rate was 32 percent in 2010 — 10 percentage points higher than the national average that year, the most recent timeframe for which data is available.
Titled “Childhood Poverty Rates in New York City between 1990 and 2010,” the study also shows that childhood poverty rates for New York City remained virtually unchanged during the past 20 years, signaling that policymakers have failed to make any headway to reduce childhood poverty.
“Nearly one-third of New York City’s children were living below the poverty line in 2010, and this high poverty rate was unchanged from 1990,” said Distinguished Professor Laird Bergad (GC/Lehman, History), director of CLACLS.
The study also finds that poverty rates among Latino children were higher than those of (46 percent in 1990 and 41 percent in 2010) compared to children of non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Asian backgrounds.
“Latinos consistently had the highest child poverty rates, which changed very little over time,” said Ph.D. student Karen Okigbo (Sociology), the author of the report. “Of the City’s five largest Latino subgroups, Puerto Rican children were the poorest. In 1990 and 2010, half, or 51 percent, of all Puerto Rican children in New York City were living below the poverty line.” (See figure 6).
The study also finds that the Bronx had the highest percentage of childhood poverty, with nearly half of all the children living in poverty in each census year. Childhood poverty rates in Queens and Staten Island increased between 1990 and 2010, while the childhood poverty rates decreased in Manhattan during that period. Brooklyn had the second-highest childhood poverty rate in 2000 and 2010.