Gail O. Mellow
Richard K. Lieberman
Steven A. Levine
Dorothy Megan Beene
Tara Jean Hickman
LAGUARDIA AND WAGNER ARCHIVES STAFF
Douglas Di Carlo
Carol Groneman, Professor Emerita, John Jay College
Pennee Bender, Associate Director/Producer, American
Social History Project, CUNY Graduate Center
Joshua Brown, Executive Director, American Social History Project
Blanche Wiesen Cook, Distinguished Professor, John Jay College
Marcia M. Gallo, Assistant Professor, Lehman College
Gerald Markowitz, Distinguished Professor, John Jay College
Andrea Ades Vásquez, Associate Director, American Social History Project
Carol Abrams, Chief Communications Officer,
Mary Ellen Antonatos, Corbis/Bettmann
Michael Arena, University Director of Marketing and Communications, University Relations, CUNY
Jean Ashton, Vice President and Library Director, New-York Historical Society
André Beckles, Photographer/Production Coordinator University Relations, CUNY
Felisa Bienstock, Business Office/Purchasing, LaGuardia Community College
David Birdsell, Dean, School of Public Affairs, Baruch College
Selma Botman, Executive Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Provost, CUNY
Shanequa Bush, Office of University Relations, CUNY
Kim Buxton, Office of University Relations, CUNY
Nancy Carter, North Wind Picture Archives
Jody Cary, Publications Manager, Gilder-Lehrman Collection
Jo Ellen Mc Killop Dickie, Public Services Librarian, The Newberry Library
Stephanie Doba, Newspaper in Education Manager, The New York Times Knowledge Network
Allan Dobrin, Executive Vice Chancellor and Chief Operating Officer, CUNY
Coi Drummond-Gehrig, Denver Public Library
A. Craig Dunn, Manager of Corporate Partnerships, Education, The New York Times
Robert Edelstein, Marketing Services Department, The New York Times
Richard Elliott, Vice President for Administration, LaGuardia Community College
Randy Fader-Smith, Marketing and Communication Office, LaGuardia Community College
Susan Farkas, Chief of the United Nations Radio and Television Service
Mary Farrell, Sergeant, Nassau County Police Department
Joe Fodor, Associate Director of Research, Brooklyn College Foundation
Michele Forsten, Director of Communications, New York City College of Technology
Ximena Gallardo, English Department, La Guardia Community College
John Garvey, Associate Dean for Collaborative Programs, CUNY
Erika Gottfried, Curator of Nonprint Collections, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Pat Gray, Director of Corporate Relations and Special Events, Office of University Relations, CUNY
Meredith Halpern, Director of Public Relations, Hunter College
Ana María Hernández, Education & Language Acquisition Department, LaGuardia Community College
Thomas Hladek, Executive Director of Finance and Business, LaGuardia Community College
Bruce Hoffacker, Executive Associate to the Vice-President for Academic Affairs, LaGuardia Community College
Luz Jimenez, Assistant to the Director of City Relations, CUNY
Peter Katopes, Vice President for Academic Affairs, LaGuardia Community College
Beth G. Kneller, Deputy Director, CUNY Baccalaureate Program
Stephen Koch, Director, The Peter Hujar Archive, L.L.C.
John Kotowski, Director of City Relations, CUNY
Marilyn Kushner, Director of Prints Division, New-York Historical Society
Janet Lieberman, Professor Emerita, LaGuardia Community College
Samuel Lieberman, student, The Calhoun School
Thomas Lisanti, New York Public Library, Rights and Reproduction Division, New York Public Library
Susan Lyddon, Director of Marketing and Communications, LaGuardia Community College
Mail Center Staff, LaGuardia Community College
Ernesto Malave, Vice Chancellor, Office of Budget and Finance, CUNY
Judith McCabe, Bread and Roses Cultural Project
Diane McNulty, Executive Director, Corporate Communication, The New York Times
Hourig Messerlian, Deputy to the Secretary, CUNY Board of Trustees
Louise Mirrer, President and C.E.O., The New-York Historical Society
John Mogulescu, Senior University Dean for Academic
Affairs and Dean of the School for Professional Studies, CUNY
Nate Moore, Director/Marketing Communications, York College
Alyse Myers, Vice President, Brand Programs, The New York Times
Livia Nieves, Web Designer, CUNY
Felice Nudelman, Education Marketing Director, The New York Times
Rene Ontal, Faculty Experts Service, University Relations, CUNY
José Orengo, Executive Director for College Advancement, LaGuardia Community College
Ronald Paynter, Purchasing & Account Payable/Business Office, LaGuardia Community College
Anwen Pierce, National Library of Wales
Ana Ramirez-Luhrs, Special Collections Librarian, Gilder-Lehrman
Annelise E. Ream, Creative Director, Estate of Keith Haring
Eneida Rivas, College and Community Relations Office, LaGuardia Community College
Rita Rodin, Media Relations, CUNY
Frederick Schaffer, General Counsel and Senior Vice Chancellor for Legal Affairs, CUNY
Daniel Shure, Managing Editor, CUNY.edu
Vanda Stevenson, Business Office/Accounting, LaGuardia Community College
Charles Tingley, Library Director, St. Augustine Historical Society
Sydney Van Nort, Archivist, City College of New York
Rich Wandel, Archivist/Historian, The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual And Transgender Community Center National History Archive
Stan Wolfson, Media Relations, CUNY
THIS PUBLICATION IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART BY GRANTS FROM
NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF CULTURAL AFFAIRS
Michael Bloomberg, Mayor
Patricia Harris, First Deputy Mayor
Kate Levin, Commissioner
Helen Marshall, Queens Borough President
NEW YORK CITY COUNCIL
Christine Quinn, Speaker
Charles Barron, Council Member, Chair, Higher Education
Eric Gioia, Council Member, Chair, Oversight and
David Weprin, Council Member, Chair, Finance Committee
Jamie Dimon, Chairman and C.E.O.
Leonard Colica, Senior Vice President
Kimberly Davis, Senior Vice President
Kim Jasmin, Vice President
Timothy G. Noble, Vice President
Herbert M. Allison, Jr., Chairman, President and
Chief Executive Officer.
CONSOLIDATED EDISON COMPANY OF NEW YORK, INC.
Thomas Newell, Vice President, Brooklyn-Queens
Carol Conslato, Director, Queens Public Affairs
Carl Lee, Specialist, Queens Public Affairs
Copyright © 2007 The City University of New York
The Let Freedom Ring Website and Calendar did not involve the reporting or editing staff of The New York Times.
George Washington, by Rembrandt Peale; Frederick Douglass, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Emigrants Crossing the Plains, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; John Peter Zenger, © North Wind Picture Archives;
President’s Levee, or all Creation going to the White House, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Stanton and Anthony, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Blanche K. Bruce, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Suffrage Tent, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Margaret
Sanger, Associated Press; Free Classes in English, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; General Eisenhower, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Their Real Pin-Up Girl, National Archives; African-American janitors, National Archives; Mitsuye Endo, National Archives; American Gothic, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Anti-lynching protest, Robert H. McNeill; Jackie Robinson, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Little Rock Central High School, Associated Press; Woody Guthrie, Library of Congress, Prints and
Photographs Division; “Fire,” The Herb Block Foundation; John F. Kennedy at the Berlin Wall, Associated Press; Treasure Chest, Catholic University of America; Earth Day, Associated Press; Chinese Veteran, courtesy Corky Lee; Hugo Morales, courtesy CUNY; Speaker Christine C. Quinn, courtesy Marilyn K. Yee, The New York Times Photo Archives; Nydia Velázquez, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives, LaGuardia Community College/CUNY; Antonio Villaraigosa; AP Photo/Danny Moloshok; Freedom Tower, AP Photo/Kathy Willens; Sandra Day O’Connor, courtesy New York Times Photo Archive.
Bella Abzug, Herman Badillo, Shirley Chisholm, Felix Frankfurter, Pearl Primus, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Carmen Arroyo courtesy Office of Assemblywoman Carmen Arroyo; Phillip Alfonso Berry, William Hallet Greene, Augusta Kappner, Janet Lieberman, Colin Powell, Carlos Sierra, Iyanla Vanzant, courtesy CUNY; Una Clarke, Robert F. Wagner, Sr., LaGuardia and Wagner
Archives, LaGuardia Community College/CUNY; Barbara Boxer, courtesy Office of Senator Barbara Boxer; Richard Carmona, Office of the Surgeon General; Adrian Relu Coman, courtesy International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission; Robert Davila, Galladuet University; Alan Dershowitz, website of Alan Dershowitz; Susan
Farkas, courtesy United Nations; Michele Forsten, New York City College of Technology/CUNY; Deborah Glick, courtesy office of Assemblywoman Glick; Florence Howe, courtesy Feminist Press/CUNY; Elly Gross, courtesy LaGuardia Community College/CUNY; Ramona Hernandez, courtesy Dominican Studies Institute, City College/CUNY; Andrew Goodman, Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, Associated Press; Guillermo Linares, courtesy City of New York; Helen Marshall, courtesy office of the Queens Borough President; A.M. Rosenthal, courtesy The New York Times Photo Archives;
Daniel Schorr, courtesy Lisa Berg; Eric Adams, Office of Senator Eric Adams; Martin Mendelsohn, courtesy Brooklyn College.
Declaration of Independence, National Archives; Franklin, Jefferson and Adams, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Wanted: Douglass, Tubman and Truth, courtesy Faith Ringgold; Emancipation Day Parade, courtesy Saint Augustine Historical Society; recruitment broadside, The Gilder Lehrman Collection, courtesy Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History; Abraham
Lincoln, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Liberty Bell, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Fannie Lou Hamer, courtesy Robert Shetterly; March on Washington, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Malcolm X, Associated Press; Martin Luther King, Corbis/Bettmann; Jesse Jackson, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Bunche marching, Library of Congress,
Prints and Photographs Division.
Birth Control Dispenser, Associated Press; Goldie Chu, courtesy Corky Lee; Police Parade, courtesy Sergeant Mary Farrell; Campaign buttons, courtesy Jo Freeman; Sarah Weddington, courtesy The Weddington Center; Diana Reyna, courtesy Office of Councilwoman Reyna; Florence Howe, courtesy Feminist Press/CUNY.
“Public Enemy, Fear of a Black Planet,” by B.E. Johnson; Man Preaching, by Sheila Pree; Bill of Rights, United Press International.
The Sheet Metal Workers’ float, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University, New York City Central Labor Council Photographs Collection; Home health aides rally, Associated Press; “Strike!”, by Sue Coe, from the Bread and Roses Cultural Project, Local 1199/S.E.I.U.; Dolores Huerta, © George Bailis/TAKESTOCK Photos; Dennis Rivera, courtesy The New York Times Photo Archives.
I ♥ My Moms, AP Photo/Aynsley Floyd; “Gay Liberation Front Poster\Image,” 1970, The Peter Hujar Archive, courtesy Matthew Marks Gallery; Butch Femme Couples, The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center National History Archive; Keith Haring artwork, © Estate of Keith Haring.
Shooting Star and her sister, courtesy Denver Public Library; Millions of Acres, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Across the Continent, Newberry Library; Chinese railroad workers, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley; Sitting Bull, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Eleanor Roosevelt, courtesy Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, National Archives and Records Administration; Four Freedoms, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; United Nations, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Gun crew, National Archives; Roy Takeno, Stamp’em Out! and United We Win, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Victory Day parade, Associated Press; Kennedy/Khrushchev cartoon, Atlantic Syndication Partners; Berlin Wall, AP Photo/Lionel Cironneau, File; bomb shelter, Corbis/Bettmann; Army McCarthy Hearing, AP Photo; Bert the Turtle, U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration.
Inglés Para Los Niños, AP Photo/David Zalubowski; Primary grade, General Research & Reference Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations; Nettie and Nickie Hunt, Corbis/Bettmann; Save CUNY, Associated Press; William Hallett Greene, courtesy
CUNY, City College, courtesy City College of New York Archives and Special Collections.
Bus load of “freedom riders,” AP Photo/Perry Aycock; Immigrant Freedom Riders from Miami, AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais; Immigrant Freedom Riders from Minneapolis, AP Photo/The Capital Times/David Sandell; Washington Freedom Riders Committee, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
The Fifteenth Amendment, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Martha Graham, Corbis/Bettmann.
PHOTO CREDITS PAGE
Uncle Sam’s Thanksgiving Dinner, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Immigration Rally, AP Photo/Mary Altaffer; Sikh-Americans, AP Photo/George Widman; March on Washington, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Martin Luther King, Jr., AP Photo.
Register to Vote, Art © Estate of Ben Shahn/Licensed by VAGA, New York, N.Y., photograph by Susan Einstein, courtesy Skirball Cultural Center, Los Angeles, Calif.
ABOVE This cartoon by Thomas Nast depicts a Thanksgiving dinner with Americans from all backgrounds at the table with Uncle Sam cutting the turkey. Its radical vision of equality was created in support of the 15th Amendment, which granted African-Americans the right to vote. A picture of Castle Clinton, the predecessor to Ellis Island, hangs on the wall along with portraits of Presidents George Washington, Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant, 1869.
Back Cover Captions
LEFT, TOP TO BOTTOM
A World War II propaganda poster, c. 1943 Pryor Rissover-Plotke waves from a float during the Gay Pride Parade in Chicago, June 30, 2002.
Sikh-Americans carry U.S. flags at an evening parade during Fourth of July festivities in
Philadelphia, July 4, 2002.
The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in Washington, D.C., August 28,
RIGHT, TOP TO BOTTOM
Outside Gov. George Pataki’s office in New York City, staff and students from the Borough of Manhattan Community College, CUNY, protest budget cuts proposed by the
Governor, Oct. 18, 1995.
The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. acknowledges the crowd at the Lincoln Memorial for his
“I have a dream” speech during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in
Washington, D.C., Aug. 28, 1963.
An immigration rally in Manhattan’s Chinatown, April 10, 2006.
Register to Vote, by Ben Shahn. Art © Estate of Ben Shahn/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY.