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Photo Credits

MILESTONES

Alice Michelle Augustine, courtesy CUNY; Pressing Tortillas, courtesy Mary Teresa Giancoli; Edward I. Koch, courtesy Joan Vitale; Demonstrators, courtesy Monica Almeida/The New York Times; Diana Reyna, courtesy the office of Diana Reyna; Children playing on the roof garden, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Robert F. Wagner, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Adriano Espaillat, courtesy Dominican Institute, City College of New York; A.M. Rosenthal, courtesy Jeffery A. Salter/The New York Times; Al Smith, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Slavic workers, courtesy Photography Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations; Eugene Shenderov, courtesy CUNY; Indian Independence Day, courtesy Corky Lee; Fiorello H. La Guardia, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Una Clarke, courtesy Nancy Siesel/The New York Times; Wellington Z. Chen, courtesy CUNY; Jagdesh Sukhu, La Guardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Maureen Roney Drennan; Abraham Beame, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Jewish family, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Marcia Keizs, courtesy York College; Ukrainian Folk Ballet, courtesy Ukrainian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, Uiversity of Minnesota; Marcus Garvey, AP Photo; Miguel Martinez, courtesy CUNY; Mexican emigrating to the United States, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Indra Nooyi, AP Photo/Jennifer Szymaszek; Immigrant woman at Ellis Island, Photography Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations; Maria Rosa Baquerizo, La Guardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Joe Margolis; Eduardo Martí, courtesy Queensborough Community College.

CUNY IMMIGRANT ALUMNI

Joanna Ayoung, Gertrude Elion, Oladapo Yeku, Abraham Foxman, Arthur Kornberg, Philipa Njau, Sybille Ngo Nyeck, Colin Powell, Mark Smiley, Gregorio Valdez, Rosalyn Yalow, courtesy CUNY; Walter Barandiaran, Lawrence Field, Dov Schlein, Kaye I. Foster-Cheek, courtesy Baruch College; Joseph Abajian, Elly Gross, courtesy LaGuardia Community College; Bella Abzug, Bernard Baruch, Shirley Chisholm, Felix Frankfurter, courtesy Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Susan Farkas, courtesy United Nations; Nadja Fidelia, courtesy Brooklyn College; Andrew Grove, courtesy Intel; Wayne Hall, Ursula Schwerin, courtesy New York City College of Technology; Lowell Hawthorne, courtesy Bronx Community College; Daisy Cocco de Filippis, Ramona Hernandez, courtesy Dominican Institute; Jeff Koinange, courtesy Kingsborough Community College; Vulnet Kolari, courtesy College of Staten Island; Max Kupferberg, Bright Sheng, courtesy Queens College; Prince Bruce, Henry Lee, courtesy John Jay College; Guillermo Linares, courtesy City of New York; Jack Rudin, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Yisa Rumala, courtesy York College; Aida Gonzalez-Jarrin, courtesy Aida Gonzaez-Jarrin; Fiona Smith, courtesy Fiona Smith; Kendall Stewart, courtesy Council Member Stewart’s office.

CUNY IMMIGRATION SERVICES

All photos, courtesy CUNY, by André Beckles.

ARRIVAL

Japanese “picture brides,” courtesy State Museum Resource Center, California State Parks; three immigrants from Guadeloupe, William Williams Papers, Manuscripts and Archives Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations; Kennedy Airport, La Guardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Michael Dashkin.

LEGAL OR ILLEGAL

Cuban defectors, AP Photo/Lynne Sladky; illegal Mexican immigrants, AP Photo.

EDUCATION

City College students, courtesy CUNY Board of Trustees; Christine Lynch and Christine Gumper, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Liberian immigrant, La Guardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Tara Jean Hickman; Children at St. Gregory the Great, courtesy Soraya Ciego-Lemur.

CITIZENSHIP

Albert Einstein, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; three immigrants, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Kate Zou; Yetta Mark’s citizenship papers, courtesy Abraham and Jennie Mark.

RELIGION

Jewish boy wearing talis, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division; Sandy Estrella, courtesy Eduvina Estrella; Sheik Reda Shata, courtesy James Estrin/The New York Times.

NEIGHBORHOODS

“Playground in tenement alley,” by Lewis Hine, courtesy George Eastman House;  South Asian stores, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Maureen Roney Drennan; Union Street in Flushing, courtesy Queens Tribune.

WORK

Cigar maker, courtesy Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University, United Automobile, Aircraft and Vehicle Workers of America, District 65 Photographs Collection, photograph by Bob Dobbs; group of Italian street laborers under Sixth Avenue Elevated, courtesy Photography Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations; Rupwattie Sakhichand, La Guardia and Wagner Archives, photo by Marueen Roney Drennan.

LABOR MOVEMENTS

Immigration rights supporter, AP Photo/Rick Bowmer; Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, AP Photo/National Archives, File; Elizabeth Flores, AP Photo/Idaho Press-Tribune, Vance Green.

FOOD

Malieh Nassar, AP Photo/Kevin Wolf; Lombardi’s Pizzeria, courtesy Lombardi’s Pizzeria; Halal food stand, courtesy Mel Rosenthal.

CELEBRATIONS

West Indian-American Day Carnival, courtesy Vincent Laforet/The New York Times; Dominican Day Parade, AP Photo/Stephanie Keith; Chinese New Year, AP Photo/Richard Drew.

UPWARD MOBILITY

German-Americans, La Guardia and Wagner Archives; Senegalese restaurateur, courtesy The Balch Institute Collections, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, photo by Vera Viditz-Ward; Indian Independence Day, courtesy Corky Lee

SECOND GENERATION

Secretary of State Colin Powell, courtesy CUNY, photo by Andre Beckles; children of Korean immigrants, courtesy Steven J. Gold; Palestinian teenager, courtesy Mel Rosenthal.

ARTS

Chinese dancers, courtesy Corky Lee; Isaac Babel’s “Odessa Tales,” courtesy Oleg Kleban; Haitian drummer, courtesy The Miami Herald.